Thus we get verum 'truth', i.e. a true thing (different from the 'abstract' truth vereso, e.g. in 'I doubt the truth of his assertion'), li bonum de ti situatione es ke . . . which is good in that situation is that . . . Vakuum (vakui empty); fortum a fort, stronghold (forti strong); kontributum contribution; falsum.
This neuter may also be used for the names of languages: lo tradukte libres fro germanum en anglum, he translates books from German into English; latinum es tro desfasil por helpelingue.
The chief use of this neuter ending is seen in pronouns: lum it, tum that (that thing), disum this (thing), quum what, quantum how much (as primary), nulum nothing, omnum all, everything, kelkum something, irgum anything, altrum something else, omnum altri = omni altrum everything else.
Note that our languages very often use 'it' (es, il, etc.), where no pronoun is necessary: it rains pluva, it is necessary to start now es nesesari tu starta nun, etc.
It is possible to form inflected forms of -um-words: verumes true things; but as the endings -umes, -umen are clumsy, it is better to use -us, -un: verus, fortus, fabrikatus manufactured things; li fabrikatun boneso. Instead of lumen, lumes 'its they', we may say lun, lus, or better with the common-sex form len, les, which cannot produce any ambiguity: hir es kelki flores: prenda les si vu voli here are some flowers: take them if you like. Me esed in li banke por vida len chefe I was in the bank in order to see its manager.
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